How Many Sessions Of Sculpsure Do You Need?

How Many Sessions Of Sculpsure Do You Need? Clarity. Knowing the exact number of treatment is necessary especially for the individual that have certain quota of budget to spend on treatment. For the individual that is busy with work, they have to calculate how much trip they should make to…

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Does SculpSure Tighten Skin?

Does SculpSure Tighten Skin? Most common worries by any individual that goes through a treatment that requires fat loss is whether their skin become saggy or tighten at the end of the day. Saggy skin after treatment is not a pretty sight to see and to feel especially when the…

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Is SculpSure Permanent?

Is SculpSure Permanent? Getting rid of stubborn fat is challenging. Many control their food intake, pursue a healthy lifestyle and exercise regularly yet there are still parts of their body that are resistant to any form of change, be it fat percentage or shape. As an example, having fat underarms…

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How Long Does It Take For Ellanse To Work?

How Long Does It Take For Ellanse To Work? Dermal fillers take time to fully show their true result potential and some may take more months than it should. In modern reality, people are quick to notice the presence of Ellanse dermal filler for the longevity it provided to the…

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Can Ellanse Be Dissolved?

Can Ellanse Be Dissolved? Some patients may wish to change the after-result of a dermal filler procedure. This could be due to dissatisfaction of the results or, at times, the patient may have failed to follow the advised aftercare treatment which then yielded undesirable consequences. For those who wished for…

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Does FDA Approve of Ellanse Filler?

Does FDA Approve The Use of Ellanse Filler? Aging signifies not only an increase in number but brings with it changes in physical appearance. For one, our body's collagen production declines (in comparison to when we were younger) so wrinkles form, aging lines deepens and the skin lost its overall…

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Is Ellanse Filler Safe?

Is Ellanse Filler Safe? The fight against aging skin can be risky if the treatment selected is not suitable for the skin. As unique individuals, our differing skin, genetics, body systems and health conditions requires personalised analysis, of which suitable treatments can then be concluded, particularly so by experts. Hence,…

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Can Melasma Turn Into Cancer?

Can Melasma Turn Into Cancer? Brown patches appearing on the surface of the skin is definitely not something to be proud of. Many people believe that they have to hide their skin ailment with shame and goes to the extent believing that it will lead to major disease such as…

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How Can I Reduce Melasma On My Face?

How Can I Reduce Melasma On My Face?

There are treatments that can bring the solution to the matter but knowing the cause is better. “To prevent is easier than to cure”.

Understanding skin biology and Melasma

There are two main layers of skin which are the epidermis (surface) and dermis (deeper). The deepest layer of the is called basal cell layer. It continuously dividing to produce hydrated new skin cells (millions daily). The top layer of epidermis is called stratum corneum or “horny layer”. This is the part of layer that we can see from the outside through our naked eyes. These cells are dead, contain a lot of keratin, being arranged in overlapping layers that gives out a tough waterproof character to the skin’s surface. Dead skin cells are shed daily as the new cells are formed to make it balance. As we are exposed to sunlight, the darker the colour of our skin. The dermis (deeper) contains amount of fat and collagen to bring elasticity and strength to the skin. An individual with darker skin complexion are prone to have melasma on the area of their face. The effect is brown patches or gray patches to appear. This is how the biology of the skin related to melasma.

What causes Melasma on face?

There are several factors that cause melasma to the skin. Stress, iron deficiency, and hormonal imbalance are a few of the factors that relate to the development of melasma.


Stress brings the over-production of melanocyte to the top. As the over-production occurs, brown patches are slowly forming to the surface of the skin area.

Iron deficiency

Iron deficiency may be brings the effect on skin, although the correlation is still remain unclear.

Hormonal imbalance

The imbalance in the current hormone can potentially triggers the over-production of melanocytes. The phenomena will cause the melasma to happen. The right balance of hormone is the key to get that clear, dewy skin.

How can facial melasma be treated?

There are two ways for melasma to be treated; removal of the discoloured skin or regulation of the pigment.


Removal process can be done through laser therapy, intense pulse light or chemical peel. Knowing the right treatment will be able to get rid of the melasma, even though there are chances for the melasma to come back again. The cost is higher and the potential side effect such as inflammation, irritation and burning sensation can appear after the treatment.

Laser therapies (Fraxel, Erbium YAG) and Intense Pulse Light (IPL)

The use of laser therapy and intense pulse light are clinically proved to be effective than chemical peels in term of treating melasma. It is more precise in deleting the hyperpigmented skin cells at the surface level and deeper, but it really depends on the severity of the symptom.

Chemical peels

The most common substance that are being put to good use is Glycolic acid (AHA). The process starts when the dermatologist applying the solution to the affected skin of the patient. After a moment,the surface of skin naturally becoming blister. Then, the peeling off process occurred as the unblemished skin underneath appears.


Another method for treating melasma on the skin is to use the right skin-care product (cream, gel and lotion) that has all or most ingredient that works well in treating the skin condition such as Hydroquinone, Arbutin, Glyclocid acid, Kojic acid, vitamin C derivatives, Retinoic acid and B-Resorcinal.


Hydroquinone is one of the most important key ingredient in dealing with melasma. It is effective in lightening up the colour of skin patches (brightening agent). It can be applied through the use of form, lotion or liquid.


Arbutin is a natural source ingredient from hydroquinone. It also helps in removing or fades the brown patches into paler colour (close to natural). It does not have strong dose or as effective like hydruquinone but it reduces the chance of major side effect to the affected skin.

Glycolic Acid (or hydroxyacetic acid)

Glycolic acid is known to be the main substance for chemical peel treatment and the main ingredient in many hyperpigmentation topical cream that can easily be accessed (more…)

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